Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The Baltic Sea level fluctuations have significant trends. The sea level rises in all Baltic coastsb with at different rates. Sweden coast "breathes" as well as the World Ocean level. Sea level rising on the south and the north-east coast of the Baltic Sea is lower. The trend component is not determined by interannual variations of steric sea level, the vertical water exchange and baltic river runoff. Consequently, the secular trends in sea level are caused by long-term changes in the resulting flow of water through the Danish straits. This is confirmed by changes in salinity of the Baltic Sea.

Keywords:
The Baltic Sea
Text

Колебания уровня в Балтийском море имеют значительные тренды. В общем случае они могут быть обусловлены влиянием стерических, деформационных и эвстатических факторов. Стерические колебания обусловлены изменениями плотности морской воды за счет изменений температуры и солености. Выполненный в работе [10] расчет теплосодержания вод Балтийского моря за период 1958–2005 гг., показывает отсутствие в его межгодовых колебаниях трендовой компоненты и, стало быть, стерических колебаний морского уровня.

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