Abstract and keywords
Abstract (English):
The Baltic Sea level fluctuations have significant trends. The sea level rises in all Baltic coastsb with at different rates. Sweden coast "breathes" as well as the World Ocean level. Sea level rising on the south and the north-east coast of the Baltic Sea is lower. The trend component is not determined by interannual variations of steric sea level, the vertical water exchange and baltic river runoff. Consequently, the secular trends in sea level are caused by long-term changes in the resulting flow of water through the Danish straits. This is confirmed by changes in salinity of the Baltic Sea.

The Baltic Sea

Колебания уровня в Балтийском море имеют значительные тренды. В общем случае они могут быть обусловлены влиянием стерических, деформационных и эвстатических факторов. Стерические колебания обусловлены изменениями плотности морской воды за счет изменений температуры и солености. Выполненный в работе [10] расчет теплосодержания вод Балтийского моря за период 1958–2005 гг., показывает отсутствие в его межгодовых колебаниях трендовой компоненты и, стало быть, стерических колебаний морского уровня.


1. Yaduta V.A. Noveyshaya tektonika Sankt-Peterburga i Leningradskoy oblasti // Mineral. 2006. № 1(5).

2. Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Area // Baltic Sea Environment Proceedings No. 111. HELCOM Thematic Assessment in 2007. 49 r.

3. Dailidien I., Baudler H., Chubarenko, B. Navrotskaya S. Long term water level and surface temperature changes in the lagoons of the southern and eastern Baltic // Oceanologia. 2011. 53 (1-TI). Pp. 293–308.

4. Ekman M. A consistent map of the postglacial uplift of Fennoscandia // Terra Nova. 1996. No. 8. Pp.158–165.

5. Graham Phil. Modelling runoff to the Baltic Sea // AMBIO. 1999. Vol. 28. No. 4. Pp. 328–334.

6. Hammarklint T. Swedish Sea Level Series–a Climate Indicator // SMHI Report. 2009. Electronic resource . URL : http://www.smhi.se/polopoly_fs/1.8963!Swedish_Sea_Level_Series_A_Climate _Indicator.pdf

7. Jensen J., Mudersbach C. Recent sea level variations at the North sea and Baltic sea coastlines // Coastal Enginering 2006: Proceedings of the 30th International Conference, San Diego, California, USA, 3–8 September 2006. Vol. 2. Pp. 1764–1774

8. Leppäranta M., Myrberg K. Physical Oceanography of the Baltic Sea. Chichester, UK, Praxis publishing Ltd, 2009. Pr. 90–101.

9. Scherneck H.-G., Johansson J., Koivula H., van Dam T., Davis J. Vertical crustal motion observed in the BIFROST project // J. of Geodyn. 2003. 35. R. 425–441.

10. Schrum C., Hubner U., Jacob D., Podzun R. A coupled atmosphere/ ice/ocean model for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea // Clim. Dyn. 2003. 21. Pp. 131–151.

11. Winsor P., Rodhe J, Omstedt A. Baltic Sea ocean climate: an analysis of 100 yr of hydrographic data with focus on the freshwater budget // Climate Research. 2001. 18. Pp. 5–15.

Login or Create
* Forgot password?